Environment and climat

Cluster of excellence COTE

Facility of excellence Xyloforest

COTE_2015-07-25-FM-Blayais (54)© FM Marcillac
 




COTE

Objective: to develop tools enabling researchers to understand and predict changes in ecosystems and to develop adaptive management methods and governance to ensure their sustainability.

Under the leadership of Hélène Budzinski and Antoine Kremer.

Using Aquitaine as an example of the interface between forest, agricultural and wetland systems, the COTE LabEx aims to study three major types of European ecosystem. Its objective is to develop research including all the factors responsible for the functioning of those ecosystems in order to predict and regulate their future development.

Multi-disciplinary research

The COTE LabEx aims to promote multidisciplinary approaches to ecosystem function by associating natural, social and environmental sciences. It seeks to understand how ecosystems interact with each other in response to global changes and socio-economic pressures. In its annual call for projects, the COTE LabEx finances research projects which propose to study the interactions between ecosystems using a multidisciplinary approach.

Teaching that encourages openness and internationalization

Through its teaching, the COTE LabEx’s aims to develop an interdisciplinary culture among its students, to encourage international exchanges related to its activities and to contribute to the students’ professional development, making the most of the opportunities presented by the environmental transition and the green economy.

Shared knowledge

Work on transfer and exploitation of research aims to involve socio-economic stakeholders (decision-makers, managers, industrialists, associations, industry professionals, education and training communities, etc.) in the transfer of research and in exploiting the skills developed by the teams that are partners in the COTE LabEx.

 

Contact

Cluster COTE

Claire Guyot
Manager Transfert, Valorisation et Communication

Tel : 05 40 00 22 55

Mail

   
23 research projects, 25 transfer projects, 6 platform projects... 133 publications  20 European projects financed
More than €22 million of public and private co-financing in 2016 More than 70 socio-economic partners One CNRS silver medal, 2 ERC grants, 3 INRA medals, 1 gold and 1 silver Agriculture Academy medal...
Maximilien Larter, PhD Student, BioGeCo© COTE

My stay at the University of Western Sydney was a very positive experience for me. As part of my PhD on the evolution of conifer drought resistance, I was able to collect samples from a group of extremely resistant endemic trees (genus Callitris). Results from this trip include a new world record, C. tuberculata, and this work will result in at least 2 publications and a large part of my thesis.

Maximilien Larter,
PhD Student

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Creation of a transatlantic double degree

This double degree project came into existence in 2016 between the Ecotoxicology and Environmental Chemistry (EXCE) component of the “Toxicology and Ecotoxicology” Master’s degree at the University of Bordeaux and the Quebec National Institute of Scientific Research (INRS)’s Water-Earth-Environment Center (Centre ETE). The COTE LabEx supported the EXCE Master’s initiative which aimed both to make the course more attractive to foreign students and to provide an opportunity for French students to study abroad. The INRS is the only research university in Quebec offering its students a Research Master in Water Sciences, thus offering courses that are completely complementary to those in the EXCE Master. The first students on this new international course started at the beginning of the 2017 academic year. 

The pesticides in question© FM MarcillacThe pesticides in question

The COTE laboratory of excellence is setting up a pesticide research project using a bottom-up approach. Since France is Europe’s biggest consumer of  pesticides, knowing their current and future impacts on our ecosystems, as well as the possible alternatives for their reduction while meeting user expectations, is a priority which must be addressed. This project, set up in close collaboration with the region’s socio-economic stakeholders, aims to understand the various processes involved in the transfer, contamination and impact of pesticides, from the agrosystems where the pesticides are used to the ecosystems affected across the region (soils, Gironde estuary, etc.), according to agricultural practices. Secondly, on an economic level, this project aims to define and assess various scenarios of changes in practices, and predict...



Xyloforest

Objective: preparing the forests of the future and making optimal use of wood resources.

Coordinated by Jean-Michel Carnus (Inra).

Having earned the Facilities of Excellence accreditation within the scope of the Investments for the Future program, Xyloforest aims to provide research laboratories with state-of-the-art research equipment in the fields of biotechnologies and materials.


Xyloforest contributes to numerous research projects in the aim of developing innovative, sustainable solutions for wood engineering, construction and energy/chemical recovery from forest biomass, as well as the adaptation of forest resources to climate change.


Some one hundred people from partner research laboratories work on Xyloforest's six technical platforms. These laboratories offer an innovative range of services to forest/wood professionals and researchers.


The project is linked with the setup of a higher education platform: the forestry/wood training platform.

Details of the 6 technical platforms:

  • XYLOSYLVE – innovative silviculture systems (Inra)
  • XYLOBIOTECH – forest biotechnologies (FCBA)
  • XYLOMIC – tree genomics and phenotyping (Inra)
  • XYLOPLATE – advanced wood engineering (University of Bordeaux)
  • XYLOMAT – wood-based composite materials (UPPA)
  • XYLOCHEM – wood chemistry and bio-refinery (University of Bordeaux)

Contact

Inra Bordeaux-Aquitaine
71 avenue Edouard Bourlaux - CS 20032
33 882 Villenave d'Ornon Cedex

Yaël  KOUZMINE
Communication Officer
Tel : 05 57 12 23 45
Mail

 
6 technical platforms 10.2 million in PIA financing between 2011 and 2020 14 laboratories mobilized across 6 French regions
8 institutional and financial partners 1 project set up in collaboration with partners from the Xylofutur competitiveness cluster 1 project included in 2 European R&D infrastructures (ICOS and Tree4future)
Jean-Michel Carnus, Coordinateur de l'EquipEx Xyloforest (Inra)© Alain Girard Inra

The prime and overall objective is to contribute to the adaptation of forests and to the mitigation of climate change through the optimum use of wood and the development of a sustainable forest bio-economy. In scientific terms, this means improving our basic knowledge of forest ecosystems, the formation of wood, wood-based materials and wood chemistry.

Jean-Michel Carnus,
Coordinator of the Xyloforest platform (Inra)

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XYLOMIC, a tree genomics and phenotyping platformPlateau Xylomic - © Alain Girard InraXYLOMIC, a tree genomics and phenotyping platform

Using cutting-edge technological tools, geneticists seek to understand the environmental and genetic determinants of the variability of wood, as well as the biological and ecological processes involved in its production. XYLOMIC is dedicated to the study of the genome of trees and to the detailed study of the measurable characteristics of wood, covering the specific characteristics from its DNA to its phenotype. XYLOMIC aims to identify efficient genotypes for sustainable silviculture. The 2020 objective is to deliver significant databases of sequences, genotypes and phenotypes to improve the understanding of the formation of wood according to the environment and its variability within populations, and to identify DNA markers associated with remarkable characteristics.



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