Environment and climat
Cluster of excellence COTE
Facility of excellence Xyloforest
- © FM Marcillac
Objective: developing tools to understand and predict the evolution of ecosystems and developing adaptive management and governance methods to ensure their sustainability.
Under the leadership of Hélène Budzinski and Antoine Kremer.
Using Aquitaine as as example of an interface area between forests, agrosystems and hydrosystems, the Cluster COTE aims to study three major types of European ecosystems. Its goal is to develop research covering all their underlying factors, in order to predict and control their evolution.
COTE aims to promote inter-disciplinary approaches to the functioning of ecosystems by combining nature sciences, social sciences and environmental sciences. It seeks to understand how ecosystems interact in response to global changes and socio-economic pressures. Within the scope of its annual call for proposals, COTE finances research projects offering interdisciplinary approaches and exploring interactions between ecosystems.
A study program which promotes openness and internationalization
COTE's training component aims to develop a culture of interdisciplinarity among students, promote international exchanges in connection with COTE's activities, and contribute to the professional integration of students by taking advantage of the opportunities offered by the ecological transition and green economy.
The knowledge transfer & exploitation component aims to involve socio-economic players (decision-makers, administrators, industrialists, NGOs, sector professionals, education/training communities, etc.) in the transfer of the research findings and exploitation of the skills developed by COTE's partner teams.
Open call for proposals "Transfert and valorization" 2016
Informations and application form on the following link : clic here.
Manager Transfert, Valorisation et Communication
Tel : 05 40 00 22 55
|35 projects carried out and in progress||46 publications||20 European projects financed|
|over €9 million in public/private co-financing||over 70 socio-economic partners||2 ERC grants, 3 INRA awards and 1 prize from the Entomological Society of France|
- © COTE
My stay at the University of Western Sydney was a very positive experience for me. As part of my PhD on the evolution of conifer drought resistance, I was able to collect samples from a group of extremely resistant endemic trees (genus Callitris). Results from this trip include a new world record, C. tuberculata, and this work will result in at least 2 publications and a large part of my thesis.
- © FM MarcillacThe pesticides in question
The COTE laboratory of excellence is setting up a pesticide research project using a bottom-up approach. Since France is Europe’s biggest consumer of pesticides, knowing their current and future impacts on our ecosystems, as well as the possible alternatives for their reduction while meeting user expectations, is a priority which must be addressed. This project, set up in close collaboration with the region’s socio-economic stakeholders, aims to understand the various processes involved in the transfer, contamination and impact of pesticides, from the agrosystems where the pesticides are used to the ecosystems affected across the region (soils, Gironde estuary, etc.), according to agricultural practices. Secondly, on an economic level, this project aims to define and assess various scenarios of changes in practices, and predict...
Objective: preparing the forests of the future and making optimal use of wood resources.
Coordinated by Jean-Michel Carnus (Inra).
Having earned the Facilities of Excellence accreditation within the scope of the Investments for the Future program, Xyloforest aims to provide research laboratories with state-of-the-art research equipment in the fields of biotechnologies and materials.
Xyloforest contributes to numerous research projects in the aim of developing innovative, sustainable solutions for wood engineering, construction and energy/chemical recovery from forest biomass, as well as the adaptation of forest resources to climate change.
Some one hundred people from partner research laboratories work on Xyloforest's six technical platforms. These laboratories offer an innovative range of services to forest/wood professionals and researchers.
The project is linked with the setup of a higher education platform: the forestry/wood training platform.
Details of the 6 technical platforms:
- XYLOSYLVE – innovative silviculture systems (Inra)
- XYLOBIOTECH – forest biotechnologies (FCBA)
- XYLOMIC – tree genomics and phenotyping (Inra)
- XYLOPLATE – advanced wood engineering (University of Bordeaux)
- XYLOMAT – wood-based composite materials (UPPA)
- XYLOCHEM – wood chemistry and bio-refinery (University of Bordeaux)
71 avenue Edouard Bourlaux - CS 20032
33 882 Villenave d'Ornon Cedex
Tel : 05 57 12 23 45
|6 technical platforms||10.2 million in PIA financing between 2011 and 2020||14 laboratories mobilized across 6 French regions|
|8 institutional and financial partners||1 project set up in collaboration with partners from the Xylofutur competitiveness cluster||1 project included in 2 European R&D infrastructures (ICOS and Tree4future)|
- © Alain Girard Inra
The prime and overall objective is to contribute to the adaptation of forests and to the mitigation of climate change through the optimum use of wood and the development of a sustainable forest bio-economy. In scientific terms, this means improving our basic knowledge of forest ecosystems, the formation of wood, wood-based materials and wood chemistry.
Coordinator of the Xyloforest platform (Inra)
- Plateau Xylomic - © Alain Girard InraXYLOMIC, a tree genomics and phenotyping platform
Using cutting-edge technological tools, geneticists seek to understand the environmental and genetic determinants of the variability of wood, as well as the biological and ecological processes involved in its production. XYLOMIC is dedicated to the study of the genome of trees and to the detailed study of the measurable characteristics of wood, covering the specific characteristics from its DNA to its phenotype. XYLOMIC aims to identify efficient genotypes for sustainable silviculture. The 2020 objective is to deliver significant databases of sequences, genotypes and phenotypes to improve the understanding of the formation of wood according to the environment and its variability within populations, and to identify DNA markers associated with remarkable characteristics.