Environment and climat

Cluster of excellence COTE

Facility of excellence Xyloforest

COTE_2015-07-25-FM-Blayais (54)© FM Marcillac


Objective: developing tools to understand and predict the evolution of ecosystems and developing adaptive management and governance methods to ensure their sustainability.

Under the leadership of Hélène Budzinski and Antoine Kremer.

Using Aquitaine as as example of an interface area between forests, agrosystems and hydrosystems, the Cluster COTE aims to study three major types of European ecosystems. Its goal is to develop research covering all their underlying factors, in order to predict and control their evolution.

Multi-disciplinary research

COTE aims to promote inter-disciplinary approaches to the functioning of ecosystems by combining nature sciences, social sciences and environmental sciences. It seeks to understand how ecosystems interact in response to global changes and socio-economic pressures. Within the scope of its annual call for proposals, COTE finances research projects offering interdisciplinary approaches and exploring interactions between ecosystems.

A study program which promotes openness and internationalization

COTE's training component aims to develop a culture of interdisciplinarity among students, promote international exchanges in connection with COTE's activities, and contribute to the professional integration of students by taking advantage of the opportunities offered by the ecological transition and green economy.

Knowledge sharing

The knowledge transfer & exploitation component aims to involve socio-economic players (decision-makers, administrators, industrialists, NGOs, sector professionals, education/training communities, etc.) in the transfer of the research findings and exploitation of the skills developed by COTE's partner teams.

Open call for proposals "Transfert and valorization" 2016

Informations and application form on the following link : clic here.


Cluster COTE

Claire Gouny
Manager Transfert, Valorisation et Communication

Tel : 05 40 00 22 55


35 projects carried out and in progress 46 publications  20 European projects financed
over €9 million in public/private co-financing over 70 socio-economic partners 2 ERC grants, 3 INRA awards and 1 prize from the Entomological Society of France
Maximilien Larter, PhD Student, BioGeCo© COTE

My stay at the University of Western Sydney was a very positive experience for me. As part of my PhD on the evolution of conifer drought resistance, I was able to collect samples from a group of extremely resistant endemic trees (genus Callitris). Results from this trip include a new world record, C. tuberculata, and this work will result in at least 2 publications and a large part of my thesis.

Maximilien Larter,
PhD Student

Zoom ...
Projet de bidiplomation du parcours Ecotoxicologie et Chimie de l'Environnement (EXCE)

Ce projet de bidiplomation du parcours Ecotoxicologie et Chimie de l'Environnement (EXCE) du master mention chimie/Toxicologie et Ecotoxicologie de l’université de Bordeaux est mené avec l’Institut National de Recherche Scientifique Centre Eau-Terre-Environnement (INRS-Centre ETE) de Québec (Canada). En 2016, le LabEx COTE a soutenu l’initiative du master EXCE qui souhaitait assurer à la fois une meilleure attractivité de la formation auprès des étudiants étrangers mais aussi une ouverture internationale pour les étudiants français. L’INRS est la seule université de recherche au Québec à proposer à ses étudiants une Maîtrise de recherche (équivalent Master au Québec) en Sciences de l’Eau, qui présente des enseignements tout à fait complémentaires à ceux du Master EXCE. Les premiers étudiants de ce nouveau parcours international commenceront à la rentrée 2017.

The pesticides in question© FM MarcillacThe pesticides in question

The COTE laboratory of excellence is setting up a pesticide research project using a bottom-up approach. Since France is Europe’s biggest consumer of  pesticides, knowing their current and future impacts on our ecosystems, as well as the possible alternatives for their reduction while meeting user expectations, is a priority which must be addressed. This project, set up in close collaboration with the region’s socio-economic stakeholders, aims to understand the various processes involved in the transfer, contamination and impact of pesticides, from the agrosystems where the pesticides are used to the ecosystems affected across the region (soils, Gironde estuary, etc.), according to agricultural practices. Secondly, on an economic level, this project aims to define and assess various scenarios of changes in practices, and predict...


Objective: preparing the forests of the future and making optimal use of wood resources.

Coordinated by Jean-Michel Carnus (Inra).

Having earned the Facilities of Excellence accreditation within the scope of the Investments for the Future program, Xyloforest aims to provide research laboratories with state-of-the-art research equipment in the fields of biotechnologies and materials.

Xyloforest contributes to numerous research projects in the aim of developing innovative, sustainable solutions for wood engineering, construction and energy/chemical recovery from forest biomass, as well as the adaptation of forest resources to climate change.

Some one hundred people from partner research laboratories work on Xyloforest's six technical platforms. These laboratories offer an innovative range of services to forest/wood professionals and researchers.

The project is linked with the setup of a higher education platform: the forestry/wood training platform.

Details of the 6 technical platforms:

  • XYLOSYLVE – innovative silviculture systems (Inra)
  • XYLOBIOTECH – forest biotechnologies (FCBA)
  • XYLOMIC – tree genomics and phenotyping (Inra)
  • XYLOPLATE – advanced wood engineering (University of Bordeaux)
  • XYLOMAT – wood-based composite materials (UPPA)
  • XYLOCHEM – wood chemistry and bio-refinery (University of Bordeaux)


Inra Bordeaux-Aquitaine
71 avenue Edouard Bourlaux - CS 20032
33 882 Villenave d'Ornon Cedex

Communication Officer
Tel : 05 57 12 23 45

6 technical platforms 10.2 million in PIA financing between 2011 and 2020 14 laboratories mobilized across 6 French regions
8 institutional and financial partners 1 project set up in collaboration with partners from the Xylofutur competitiveness cluster 1 project included in 2 European R&D infrastructures (ICOS and Tree4future)
Jean-Michel Carnus, Coordinateur de l'EquipEx Xyloforest (Inra)© Alain Girard Inra

The prime and overall objective is to contribute to the adaptation of forests and to the mitigation of climate change through the optimum use of wood and the development of a sustainable forest bio-economy. In scientific terms, this means improving our basic knowledge of forest ecosystems, the formation of wood, wood-based materials and wood chemistry.

Jean-Michel Carnus,
Coordinator of the Xyloforest platform (Inra)

Zoom ...
XYLOMIC, a tree genomics and phenotyping platformPlateau Xylomic - © Alain Girard InraXYLOMIC, a tree genomics and phenotyping platform

Using cutting-edge technological tools, geneticists seek to understand the environmental and genetic determinants of the variability of wood, as well as the biological and ecological processes involved in its production. XYLOMIC is dedicated to the study of the genome of trees and to the detailed study of the measurable characteristics of wood, covering the specific characteristics from its DNA to its phenotype. XYLOMIC aims to identify efficient genotypes for sustainable silviculture. The 2020 objective is to deliver significant databases of sequences, genotypes and phenotypes to improve the understanding of the formation of wood according to the environment and its variability within populations, and to identify DNA markers associated with remarkable characteristics.