Cluster of excellence LaScArBx
Objective: studying the relationship between man and his surroundings from Prehistory to the end of the Middle Ages.
Under the leadership of Valérie Fromentin, Anne Delagnes, Rémy Chapoulie, Jérôme France and Nathalie Fourment.
The research topic of LaScArBx – "The use of the world by ancient societies: space appropriation processes and forms over the long term" – is centered on the notion of "man-made space". The life of past societies is examined from three angles - biological, environmental and cultural - on the scale of several millennia (from Prehistory to sub-contemporary periods).
This study examines the interactions between Mankind and its environment and covers three focuses:
- Settlements and territories
- Exploiting, innovating, exchanging
- Expressions of symbols and the spaces of memory
The teams are backed by several Master's programs in Archeology, with a diversity of periods and disciplines which is unprecedented in France and even in Europe. Partnerships with potential employers and the participation of archeology players in the study programs promote the professional integration of young graduates.
Dissemination of knowledge
The research teams strive to disseminate scientific knowledge within society at large, especially within young audiences. To this effect, the Cluster especially relies on the Archéopôle d’Aquitaine – an interpretation and exhibition space – as well as Ausonius publications.
LaScArBx is also engaged in several operations to enhance the heritage value of Aquitaine tourist sites (Bordeaux, Saint- Emilion area, prehistoric sites of the Vézère valley between Montignac and Le Bugue) which play a major role in the regional economy and provide a direct source of income for a large number of shops and SMEs.
Cluster Sciences Archéologiques de Bordeaux
Maison de l’Archéologie
Université Bordeaux Montaigne
8, Esplanade des Antilles
33607 Pessac cedex
Tel : 05 57 12 15 21
|29 projects||179 researchers involved||78 publications citing LabEx|
|47 international academic collaborations||over €7M in public/private co-financing||2 IUF nominations and 2 CNRS medals|
- © LaScArBx
I have the pleasure to work with Dr. Marian Vanhaeren, CNRS Researcher at the PACEA laboratory, on a cooperative project within the framework of LaScarBx, dealing with body decoration in several of the many ethnolinguistic groups of Mainland and Island New Guinea as a model to better understand personal ornaments in archeology contexts worldwide, especially of the Aurignacien in Europe. This period is characterized by a spatial and temporal pattern of types of body decoration (“beads“) suggesting that they were ethnic markers and had symbolic function. The same is true for New Guinea. Modelling environmental niches (“ecolinguistic niches“, the PhD work of Nicolas Antunes within our project) can predict the habitat and borders of a small number of ethnic groups, whereas the same environment (e.g. of the central mountain range) usually is home of many such groups. The concept of “cultural pseudospeciation“ and the ethological concept of character enhancement are promising avenues to shed light on the question why humans form culturally coherent groups and subgroups.
Wulf Schiefenhövel, Anthropolgy Professor,
Max Plank Institut for Ornitology (Germany)
- The launch of a partner international laboratory (LIA) dedicated to prehistoric art in Eurasia
Studying and comparing the prehistoric art works discovered in Western Europe and Siberia – such is the objective of the new partner international laboratory (LIA) with the IdEx Bordeaux status. Commonly called ARTEMIR (Multidisciplinary Research on Prehistoric Art in Eurasia), this new laboratory was launched following the signing of a memorandum of understanding on January 5, 2015 between the University of Bordeaux, the Novossibirsk State University (Russia), the Institute of Archeology and Ethnography (Siberian branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences) and the Russian Foundation for Basic Research. This cooperation is aimed at harmonizing methodological approaches and adjusting and sharing analysis tools, in particular those allowing 3D reconstruction.